By Jerry Soverinsky
No depression. No recession. No deflation. No inflation. As a result, just a ho-hum year of steady growth for fuel and inside sales â€" especially foodÂservice â€" that totaled more than two-thirds-ofÂ-a-trillion dollars.
By nearly any industryâ€™s standards (pick one, any one: housing, hospitality, manufacturing and so on), 2011 was a great year for convenience stores, one that far surpassed performance numbers from 2010: a 18.5% increase to $682 billion in gross sales (a record); a 15.2% boost in fuel operating margin; and a 19% lift in same-store monthly sales.
How then, to explain, attendeesâ€™ poker-faced restraint dominating this yearâ€™s NACS State of the Industry (SOI) Summit â€" one whose underlying theme was one of foreboding (with five big trends to watch out for in 2012 and beyond) whose data revealed overwhelming success. Rather than dwelling on the record-high performance numbers, equal emphasis was given to a drop in fuel gallons, still higher credit card fees and decreasing tobacco sales.
The answer for the seeming austere mood lies in the nature of what the SOI Summit has come to represent for attendees. Itâ€™s never been a rah-Ârah, cheerleading recap. Rather, as emcee and Chronister Oil CEO Wendy Chronister said in her opening address, "This is a forum providing you [with information to] make strategic deciÂsions and take action."
There were familiar presenters (David Nelson, John Zikias, Todd Hale, Tom Kloza) and a few new ones (Glenn Plumby, Phil Flynn, Jim Ellis), each offering complementary insights targeting the economy, fuel, consumer and shopper inÂsights and even politics.
The data was comprehensive and even more targeted than in previous years, breaking down results into deciles as well as quartiles, with voluÂminous analyses that promised to help make 2012 yet another successful year.
Frequent SOI Summit presenter DaÂvid Nelson, professor of economics at Western Washington University and president of Study Groups, took the stage early on day one, pointing out that while the recession was declared over in mid-2009, the general populaÂtion has yet to feel reassured.
"The reason many donâ€™t think the reÂcession is over is because unemployment is high," he said as he updated attendees on the U.S. economy. And the statisÂtic bears direct impact on convenience stores. According to Nelson, for every 1% drop in the unemployment rate, inÂside sales (excluding tobacco), grow by roughly 2%. But the news in this area, despite flat to modest improvement last year, is looking up. "There is some good news on the employment area," he said. "For each of the last three monthsâ€¦we have seen an excess of 200,000 jobs creÂated a month."
Looking forward, Nelson predicts unÂemployment rates to drop to 8.2% in June 2012, 8% by December 2012 and 6.8% by December 2014. Favorable economic signs include a rise in consumer spendÂing, a decrease in the household debt to income ratio and an uptick in construcÂtion â€" especially important for retailers as "construction workers are among the best c-store customers" who visit two or three times per week on average.
But lest SOI Summit attendees get too optimistic, Nelson offered a numÂber of elements that could lead to â€" yes â€" another recession:
- If oil prices reach $138 a barrel (curÂrently, 79% of analysts say the price of oil is not a significant drag on economic growth)
- Fiscal tightening: an expiration of the Bush tax cuts and temporary payÂroll cut, as well as mandatory spending cuts of $1.2 trillion over 10 years begin, which alone comprise 3.5% of GDP
- Election year uncertainty
- Global slowdown
Nelson said fiscal tightening presÂents the gravest economic risks, as taxÂes will mostly likely need to be raised. "Congress will have to deal with this massive problem," he said, which could lead to higher gas taxes, sin taxes and even a national value-added tax.
Next up was Glenn Plumby, vice presiÂdent of operations at Speedway LLC, and member of the NACS Research Council, who presented what continues to be a favorite topic for Summit attendÂees: The Numbers. And for 2011, many of those numbers were industry highs:
- In-store sales grew 2.4% to $195 bilÂlion (record high), with total sales (fuel and inside sales) reaching nearly $682 billion (record high), which translates into 4.5% of the overall $15.04 trillion U.S. gross domestic product
- Pre-tax profit was up 7.3% to $7.0 bilÂlion (record high)
- Same firm sales rose 19.0% to $464,558 per month
Rather than dwell too much on convenience store successes, though, Plumby highlighted areas that require immediate industry attention, a numÂber of "watch outs" that present immeÂdiate challenges for retailers.
"Consumption was down in 2011 about 1.6%," he said, "not a very good number for our business. â€¦Itâ€™s very concerning that you have to go all the way back to December 2003" to reach the same levÂel of consumption.
For 2012, the consumption decrease is continuing, down 7.1% from 2007 and 4.8% from 2011. "Right now, these galÂlons are difficult to find."
Fuel prices are also on the rise, which last year averaged $3.52 a gallon. And as gas prices rise, so, too, do fuel surÂcharges and other retail product prices, a trend that presents challenges to conÂsumers and retailers.
Cigarette sales were down 1% last year to $52,045 per store/per month last year, a drop that Plumby characterized as a concern. "I have a difficult time remembering when that occurred," he said. "In our world, thatâ€™s not good from the standpoint that we look for that basÂket thatâ€™s around the cigarette transacÂtion; thatâ€™s a very profitable basket."
Per Store Per Month
Mdse Less Cigarettes
Commensurate with soft cigarette volÂume is a falling cigarette gross profit, which dropped 2.6%. "I can tell you in our world, thatâ€™s a big watch out," Plumby said. "We have to work really hard toâ€¦try to correct [that]."
Plumby next presented a graph that charted when selling gas was profitÂable, citing a formula that derived breakeven cents per gallon. For 2011, that figure rose more than 10% to 11.8 cents, an increase "that makes operatÂing the business that much more diffiÂcult," he said.
Core operating expenses jumped 4.5% last year, led by credit card fees, which rose a staggering 23.0% per store per month. (Excluding credit card charges, DSOE were still up 2.0%.)
How best to counter these mounting challenges? According to Plumby, itâ€™s about retailing fundamentals. "At the end of the day, itâ€™s about executionâ€¦getÂting the right people in the storesâ€¦drivÂing customer satisfaction and keeping the customer coming [back] to our store. Thatâ€™s our way to combat these issues."
John Zikias, senior vice president of category management and supply chain for Thorntons Inc., followed Plumby by highlighting in-store cateÂgory performance. While his presentaÂtion was packed with margin and profit detail, he focused on several key points that would "help you understand how you can be a top quartile performer in 2012 and beyond":
- The top 10 categories contributed 92.4% of sales and 89.1% of gross profÂits, a sharp concentration of category performance.
- Packaged beverages are now the number two gross profit contribution category.
- Food and cold beverages drive food category sales, whereas previously driven by only beverages.
Picking up on Plumbyâ€™s "watch out" theme, Zikias highlighted a number of concerns that he stressed must be adÂdressed, among them:
- Cigarette sales were down 1% from 2010, with gross profits off 2.6%.
- Grocery sales and gross profit are down significantly, with non-edible grocery sales off 16.8% and gross profit dollars down 21.8%. Zikias said itâ€™s perhaps time to look for other opÂportunities in this space, especially as beverages and snacks are strong, with sales that increased 7.6% (packaged beverages) and 9.3% (packaged sweet snacks).
- Premium beer sales were down 1.2%, but itâ€™s not a matter of simply shiftÂing to the increasingly popular crafts, whose sales rose 13.9%. "You need the premiums; itâ€™s the biggest demand," Zikias said, as premium beer sales repÂresented 53.7% of overall beer sales.
- Candy units declined, but for some retailers, the effect here can be misÂleading. Thorntons, for instance, focusÂes on king-sized and seasonal candies, Zikias said.
- Foodservice growth is being fueled by prepared food, with sales up 13% last year â€" a sharp improvement over packaged sandwiches, with sales deÂclining 9.5%. For many operators, a robust foodservice program sharply disÂtinguishes them from other operators. Indeed, for top-quartile performers, prepared food profits were three times that for bottom quartile performers, while hot dispensed beverages were seven times greater and cold dispensed beverages four times greater.
"Weâ€™re going in the right direction," proclaimed Todd Hale, senior vice president of consumer and shopping insights for The Nielsen Company, who told SOI Summit attendees that conÂsumers are finally beginning to demonÂstrate positive economic signals.
Urging retailers to seek innovation in order to distinguish themselves and grab market share, Hale cited pop-up stores, product ordering from billÂboards and campus stores as ways reÂtailers are trying to engage customers. "People are in a hurry, there is a need for convenience," he said. "You need to be flexible as to how you reach them."
The NACS Coca-Cola Retailing ReÂsearch Council (CCRRC) seeks to grow industry sales through a better unÂderstanding of the shopper, explained Fran Duskiewicz, senior executive vice president for Nice N Easy Grocery Shoppes and CCRRC member. The "consumer" is a person with a need who makes a purchasing decision. This individual later becomes a "customer" when they actually buy and use the product. Between the consumer and the customer lies the "shopper" â€" and understanding this person and how he or she makes critical purchase deciÂsions is crucial.
TNS Landis Executive Vice President John Essegian offered more details on the Councilâ€™s research, which identifies five compelling platforms for retailers to explore and the reasons why people make purchases at convenience stores:
- My time: People want an unrushed atmosphere.
- Fresh value fast: Customers are seeking a QSR alternative, one that is clean and offers good food, good value and made-to-order offerings.
- Female friendly: The female demoÂgraphic is a significant growth opporÂtunity. Women seek safe, comfortable and modern surroundings â€" a coffee shop alternative.
- Family time: With ice cream shop prices escalating, family-friendly conÂvenience stores offer tremendous opÂportunities, as long as they are affordÂable, clean and safe.
- My place: The "my place" store is less like the traditional convenience store and more like a corner store, the place where you can start your day and are greeted by name by a friendly staff.
Retailers must draw from new occaÂsions, Essegian said, thinking beyond the current occasion for incremental growth while defending the conveÂnience store turf from other channels.
Research from the NACS Convenience Tracking Program (CTP) and VideoMinÂing provided actionable shopper inÂsights. The programs help retailers grow brand equity and customer loyÂalty, while building sales.
CTP, explained Leroy Kelsey, direcÂtor of industry analytics at NACS, is a consumer insight research program launched in 2009 that interviews conÂvenience store visitors both before and after a store visit. The program tallied 10,000 interviews in 33 states last year and is on track for 13,000 interviews this year. (For more information visit nacsonline.com/ctp)
The program measures several metÂrics, including:
- What customers are spending: Last year, the average intended spend (determined via pre-store interviews) was $5.32, while actual spend was $5.70. The gender gap here was noÂtable: Females spent 56 cents more than they intended, versus 36 cents for males.
- Promotional effectiveness: Internal signage dominates customer engageÂment.
- Impulse purchases: Candy was the number one impulse buy last year.
- Missed purchases: Packed beverages topped the list of intended buys that were missed, with the primary reason attributed to the item being out of stock.
- Fuel purchases: 23% of customers didnâ€™t follow up a fuel purchase with an in-store purchase because they didnâ€™t have enough time.
The second program shared at the Summit incorporates sophisticated video observation software developed by VideoMining that analyzes actual convenience store shopping transacÂtions, deconstructing performance from the time the shopper enters the store until purchase (or lost sale). VidÂeoMining founder Rajeev Sharma reÂvealed total in-store time averaged 121 seconds last year, down 20 seconds from 2010. Considering checkout takes about 30 seconds, "Basically, you have 90 seconds to close a sale," he said.
Sharma said the program helps reÂtailers improve in-store sales converÂsions, quantifying areas where leakage occurred in the path-to-purchase and identifying purchase barriers.
Whereas previous SOI Summits foÂcused on quartile performers, Dae Kim, NACS vice president of research, broke down performance figures into deciles this year, revealing that, like top-quarÂtile performers, top-decile performers are pulling away from the industry.
Whereas top-quartile performers generated $25,611 per month in store operating profit, top-decile performÂers recorded $32,628, a 27.3% lift. AdÂditionally, versus top-quartile performÂers, top-decile performers sold 19.1% more fuel, 18.4% more merchandise and 29.3% in foodservice. (For more on top-Âdecile performance, read "Innovate for Success.")
The performance jump was noticeÂable among nearly all categories and Kim said this played out irrespective of store count and store size (square footage). While the top performers generally had a larger square footage footprint, Kim said this reflected the breadth of offers, and was not by itself a driver of success.
Kim called out winning strategies for the top performers, revealing that top-decile retailers are following eiÂther a low-cost leadership or high difÂferentiation model, with middle firms losing out.
"We all sell the same things at comÂmodities pricing," Kim said, echoing the innovation theme presented by Hale. "Trying to be a differentiator is how you compete."
"I definitely learned a lot," Chronister said as she summed up the Summitâ€™s preÂsentations. "Iâ€™m going to take action and make my planâ€¦and the top-decile [inÂformation] is very relevant to that plan."
Of course, even the best laid plans, she conceded, need to be tweaked, alÂluding to outside factors â€" economic and otherwise â€" that one can never fully anticipate. "Everyone has a plan active at home and tell people about until theyâ€™re punched in the mouth," our industry," Chronister said, a quote she attributed to Mike Tyson. But even then, work can often help prepare one for the unexpected.
"I will continue to advocate and stay active at home and tell people about our industry," she said. "To make sure I know the changes before anyone else does."
Jerry Soverinsky is a NACS Magazine and a NACS Daily contributing writer.